Keeping a caravan up and running is no easy feat. There are various appliances and features that you’ll need to know how to care for before you go on a big trip. One part of your mobile home that you’ll need to know how to fix is the water pump, especially when the device is making a racket.
Your caravan water pump makes a noise because it’s faulty. This can be due to loose connections, electrical faults, water pressure issues, installment issues, or wear and tear. Most of these issues can be fixed cheaply with simple tools and a basic understanding of how the pump works.
Continue reading for a breakdown of the likely causes for your caravan water pump making noise as it operates. I’ll go through some easy fixes for these issues, and I’ll even offer some tips and tricks that you can use to prevent your water pump from making noise in the future.
Why Your Caravan Water Pump Makes a Noise
Before I delve into ways to stop your caravan water pump from making noises, it’s worthwhile first mentioning the likely sources of the noise. See below for the most likely causes of your noisy water pump.
1. 12V Battery Issues
Perhaps the most likely culprit for your water pump’s noise is an issue with the power supply. In a caravan, the water pump sources its power from a 12V battery. If there is an issue with this battery and it is not supplying enough power or supplying power sporadically, it may cause the pump to generate noise as it’s used.
The 12V battery may be faulty or worn out, causing the noise to occur, or the battery could just be flat and in need of a recharge. The same issue could happen if a loose wire connects and disconnects the battery to the water pump.
2. Change in Water Pressure
Caravan water pumps, much like many appliances that operate with water, require a particular water pressure to work effectively and efficiently. Drops or spikes in water pressure will cause a water pump to speed up and slow down to suit the supply. This causes the machine to make sounds, especially when the water pressure is too low.
A loss in water pressure can occur when there is a leak or loose connection in one of the pipes or hoses that connect the water supply to the pump. In the case of a caravan, this could also be caused by damage or a blockage in the water tank.
3. Poorly Mounted Tank
What your water pump is mounted onto is another potential source of your water pump noise. Water pumps should be attached to a sturdy and solid surface, ideally, a surface that is not hollow or made of thin wood.
If your water pump is mounted onto a material that has a gap behind it, it can vibrate and echo through this gap, which in turn amplifies the sound coming from the machine. This scenario will cause a rumbling sound whenever the water pump is in action.
Noises can also occur if the screws or bolts holding the device in place come loose causing the tank to rattle when it’s in operation or the caravan is in motion.
4. Hose Is Not Secured Properly
Hoses typically carry water from the pump to the tap or outlet in a caravan. These hoses run underneath flooring or against walls in most cases. When no water flows through these hoses, they will sit still and slack. However, when pressurized water is rushing through them, they may move about or become rigid.
If the hoses are not tightly secured to the flooring and walls, or if the flooring or wall panels are loose, it may cause a banging or vibrating noise when the water pump is activated.
5. Wear and Tear
Water pumps are susceptible to wear and tear, especially if they are a couple of years old or see regular use in your caravan. The water pumps in your caravan are frequently used to pump large quantities of water through small pipes. This can strain specific aspects of the machine, especially the motor inside.
Should some of the components in your caravan water pump wear out, it may cause noise during operation. Typically this will produce a rattling noise, although depending on the part that has been damaged, the noises can differ.
How To Prevent a Caravan Water Pump From Making a Noise
Before I can go into the details of how to fix your noisy water pump in a caravan, it’s worthwhile to first note how to prevent your water pump from making noise in the first place. Below I have outlined some tips and tricks that you can use to keep your caravan water pump up and running in silence.
Here are some ways to prevent a caravan water pump from making a noise:
- Install the water pump in a suitable location.
- Secure all pipes and hoses to sturdy and fitting surfaces.
- Maintain the 12 V battery.
- Regularly inspect pipes and hoses for blockages or damage
- Repair or service the machine every one to two years.
- Replace hoses and pipes at the first sign of wear.
The best way to maintain an appliance like a water pump is by keeping it clean, checking for problems, and hiring a professional for service now and then. However, since some water pumps only cost about $50-$100, the service cost could be more expensive than replacing the appliance every couple of years.
What To Do if Your Caravan Water Pump Makes a Noise
It’s finally time to get cracking on the repairs so you can enjoy your tranquil caravan, uninterrupted by a noisy water pump. See below for the repairs for the most likely causes of your water pump producing excessive amounts of noise.
1. Check Battery and Connections
The 12 V battery is the most likely culprit for your water pump making a racket. This battery runs many systems and outlets in your caravan, including the water pump. As a result, it’s the first place to look when your pump starts emitting noises.
Follow these steps to inspect/replace a faulty 12 V battery in a caravan:
- Disconnect the caravan from the mains for safety reasons.
- Next, open the panel that connects the caravan to a power source, usually on the exterior of the vehicle.
- Disconnect the electrical hook-up (EHU) lead.
- Inspect the battery for signs of wear.
If the battery has visible signs of wear like rust near the connections on top, you should replace it. As the battery also supplies power to the engine and other integral vehicle functions, a faulty one can leave you with more problems than simply a noisy water pump. You can also check the charge and condition of the battery with a battery tester.
To replace a damaged battery, follow the steps below:
- Disconnect the positive and negative leads from the battery and slide them off.
- Put the new battery in its place and connect the leads to the appropriate connections.
- Reconnect the EHU lead and close the panel on the caravan.
After replacing the battery in your caravan, you should start it up and switch on the water to see if the issue was resolved. Double check the connections and exercise caution when inspecting or working with electrical systems.
2. Adjust Pressure Switch
The next leading cause of noisy caravan water pumps is poor water pressure. Water pressure falls when there are leaks or faults in a system or when the system was not set up correctly in the first place. Therefore there are two things that you can do to solve your water pressure issues.
First, you’ll need to inspect the hoses, pipes, and water tank for damages or leaks. If the water is quickly escaping from any of these parts, the water pressure will fall, causing a racket when the pump is switched on.
The next thing that you can try is the water pressure switch. On most caravan water pumps, there is a control unit that allows you to adjust various settings. Find the controls and look for the pressure switch. This switch will enable you to control the water pressure in the device. Turn the pressure up and down until the water pump makes less noise when in use.
3. Move the Water Pump to a Sturdier Mount
If the source of your noisy water pump is the material it’s mounted onto, you must move the machine to a sturdier mounting material. A great way to check if a surface is a good place for mounting a water pump is by tapping it and paying attention to the sound.
If your tapping is amplified when you hit the surface, it’s likely not a good fit. However, if you hear a softened noise when you tap the surface, it’s a good suit. Also, ensure that the screws, nuts, and bolts holding the device together are secured tightly.
4. Secure the Hose
Loose hoses can cause a racket as they bang against flooring and walls in your caravan. To sort out this problem, you will need to secure the hoses connected to the water pump tightly against steady surfaces in your mobile home. You can use plumbing Teflon tape to hold it in place tightly.
5. Find and Replace Worn Components
Water pumps move vast amounts of water over time. As a result, parts of the water pump will wear out over time. This is perfectly normal and happens with any machine. Unfortunately, the machine components can start to rattle and move about as they wear.
If the issue is inside your water pump, your best bet is to find a replacement or hire an expert for appliance repair. However, you should also take the time to replace any worn pipes, hoses, or leads that connect the water pump to the water and power sources. Ensure that you use appropriate materials like food-safe hoses during your replacement.